Resources Archive - 2012 Q3

Key Research & Publications

Click on a link below to view key research and publications released in that period:

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As U.S. energy demand increases, we can mitigate rising consumption through common sense clean energy policies which support a growing economy and sustainable practices.

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Key Research & Publications    

The energy and environment industry and electricity markets are both complex and dynamic.  Reports on emerging trends and policies in these arenas are being released with increasing frequency. As technology improves and energy consumers obtain their information from a wider variety of sources, keeping up with important research and reports increases in importance.   The AnnDyl Policy Group monitors research on issues impacting the clean energy electricity industries. This review helps inform our work and allows us to determine the most important and insightful energy analysis being published. Below is a list of recently-released key research and publications pertaining to the clean energy industry, each with a brief summary of major findings and a link to the full report.


2011 Utility Conservation Achievements Report
This survey reports on conservation savings and expenditures by utilities, public benefits charge administrators (e.g., the Energy Trust of Oregon) and other agencies in the region in 2011. These entities were also asked to report their conservation savings and expenditures for 2011 and projections for 2012-2014. The survey results are available at:

2012 Annual Updates & Trends Report
The Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. (IREC) reports on the dynamic renewable energy environment, including growing and changing markets, increased quality demands by consumers, and the year’s regulatory successes which are integral to expanding residential and commercial use of clean energy across the U.S. The report includes a list of the top 10 most important state policy developments of 2011. The report:

Global Energy Leaders Survey 2012: Emerging Economies
A majority of energy decision-makers at large firms operating in emerging economies believe there will be significant transformative changes in the way their firm manages energy, according to research from Verdantix. This report helps Business Development Directors, Chief Marketing Officers and strategy leaders that operate in the energy equipment, services and software markets understand how businesses across all sectors approach energy management. The report is available for download here:

Saving Money and Reducing Risk: How Energy Efficiency Enhances the Benefits of the Natural Gas Boom

The recent boom in shale gas production and the subsequent decrease in the price of natural gas have left some wondering what the role for energy efficiency will be in the future. In this white paper, ACEEE argues that for the United States to make the most out of the current low natural gas prices, it must realize its full energy efficiency potential and establish a unified effort for energy savings to complement and improve on existing state policies. The report is available at:

State Clean Energy Finance Banks: New Investment Facilities for Clean Energy Deployment 63 of 92 federal clean energy incentives will expire by the end of 2014. This report from the Brookings Institution shows how clean-energy financing banks could help alleviate some of the gap in financing for renewable projects if federal incentives dry up. The report:

Carbon Tax: Deficit Reduction and Other Considerations

According to this report from the Congressional Research Service, taxing carbon emissions could raise enough money to eventually cut the deficit in half. The report:

Help! U.S. Businesses Waste $60 Billion Annually on Energy

This report from E Source reveals that U.S. businesses waste more than $60 billion annually on energy, presenting significant opportunities for utilities to increase enrollment in energy-efficiency programs. The report includes energy-use data from a variety of industries, including restaurants, healthcare, manufacturing, retail, data centers, education, and government. More information is available at:

Residential Energy Tax Credits: Overview and Analysis

This report from the Congressional Research Service provides an overview of current residential energy tax credits, an economic analysis/evaluation of the 25C and 25D tax credits, and a presentation of various policy options moving forward. The report:

U.S. Department of Defense Spending on Renewable Energy Programs to Accelerate Rapidly during the Next Decade

According to this report from Pike Research, U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) spending on renewable energy programs, including conservation measures, will increase steadily over the next 12 years, reaching almost $1.8 billion in 2025. Changes in energy policy have provided opportunities throughout all operations of the DOD, with examples of renewable energy projects that include targets of 1 gigawatt of renewable energy installed capacity each for the Army, Navy and Air Force by 2025. The report:

 AUGUST 2012

A Lost Decade of Demand Growth
More than a decade of future demand growth has been lost as a result of the combination of economic forces and energy efficiency initiatives - demand levels that were previously forecast to be reached by 2019 are now not expected until 2030. Lowering demand growth expectations to this extent has huge implications not only for the power and fuels sectors but also for renewable energy markets and carbon policy going forward, according to this report from Wood Mackenzie. The report is available at:

AESP Commission Database
The Association of Energy Services Professionals (AESP) has made available to its members a database providing key regulatory information from all 50 states and the District of Columbia, including current regulatory notices from state public utility commissions and public service commissions, as well as filings, rulings and orders covering energy efficiency and incentives for utilities, smart grid/demand response, and Renewable Portfolio Standards.

Assumptions to AEO2012
This report presents the major assumptions used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (AEO2012), released in June 2012,  including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are the most significant in formulating the model results. The report:

EIA Monthly Energy Review (August 2012)
A publication of recent energy statistics from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.  This publication includes total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international petroleum; carbon dioxide emissions; and data unit conversions values.   The report is available at:

Carbon Monitoring for Action Database
Ranked by congressional district, 30 of the top 40 CO2-emitting districts in 2009 are held by GOP members, according to the Center for Global Development’s newly-updated database. The database also shows that 22 of the top 40 CO2-emitting districts are represented by members that hold positions on the House committees with environmental and climate change jurisdiction: Energy and Commerce, Science, Natural Resources and Transportation and Infrastructure. The database:

Guiding the Invisible Hand: Policies to Address Market Barriers to Energy Efficiency
Barriers that hinder the adoption of much-needed energy efficiency measures include lack of information and split incentives. However, policies such as building labeling, green leases, and the “SAVE Act” could attract bipartisan support and greatly improve energy efficiency in buildings. This white paper, from the Alliance to Save Energy, explores a range of government policies that can overcome well-known market barriers to energy efficiency without new spending or mandates on individuals. The report:

Macroeconomic Impacts of Federal Regulation of the Manufacturing Sector
The rising cost of complying with more and more regulations significantly impacts production costs in the energy-intensive sectors, leading to less demand for their output, according to research conducted by NERA Economic Consulting and commissioned by the Manufacturers Alliance for Productivity and Innovation (MAPI). The most significant energy regulations impacting manufacturing in these sectors include energy-efficiency standards for durable goods and equipment; energy-efficiency standards for buildings; alternative fuel mandates for fleets; and renewable fuels standards, including ethanol requirements. The executive summary and full report are available at:

New York City Local Law 84 Benchmarking Report 
The first analysis of New York City benchmarking data collected as part of Local Law 84, which requires all privately-owned properties with individual buildings over 50,000 square feet or with multiple buildings with a combined square footage over 100,000 square feet to annually measure and report their energy and water use. According to the report, the city’s most energy intensive large buildings typically use three to five times the energy of the least energy intensive buildings. The report:

Opportunities and Challenges for a Sustainable Energy Future
This paper, from  Energy Secretary Steven Chu and former ARPA-E chief Arun Majumdar, provides a snapshot of the current energy landscape and discusses several research and development opportunities and pathways that could lead to a prosperous, sustainable and secure energy future for the world. The paper is available at:

Public Utility Commissions and Energy Efficiency: A Handbook of Legal & Regulatory Tools for Commissioners and Advocates 
State public utility commissions (PUCs) could make major progress toward achieving energy efficiency if they utilized this range of legal and regulatory tools available to them, according to Columbia Law School’s Center for Climate Change Law. Even if the suggested strategies are pursued successfully, however, energy-efficiency progress lags due to practical and regulatory hurdles, according to the report. The report:

Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Indices 
The United States has dropped 1.5 points from last year on Ernst & Young’s “All Renewables Index (ARI)” to tie Germany at the number-two spot behind China. At fault, says the report, is ongoing uncertainty over the country’s long-term renewable energy strategy and a failure to indicate if there will be an extension to the critical Production Tax Credit (PTC) for wind projects. The report:

Second Quarter 2012 Clean Energy Jobs Roundup 
According to research from Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2), up to 37,409 jobs could be created from the more than 70 major clean energy projects launched across the U.S. in the second quarter of 2012 alone. According to the research, the top ten clean energy job states in the second quarter were: CA, FL, NY, MI, CO, OH, NJ, IL, NE and MS. The report:

The Networked Energy Web: The Convergence of Energy Efficiency, Smart Grid, and Distributed Power Generation as the Next Frontier of the ICT Revolution

Energy efficiency, distributed generation (DG), and the smart grid are not separate issues, but rather part of a wholesale transformation occurring in the energy system, according to a report from the Center for American Progress (CAP). The report, which includes recommendations for upgrading and modernizing the U.S. energy infrastructure through technology deployment and innovation, claims that the transition to a “networked energy web” promises to unleash massive economic growth, but public and private stakeholders must have a model for understanding and managing this change.  The report is available at:

 JULY 2012 

ACEEE International Energy Efficiency Scorecard 
This scorecard ranks 12 of the world’s largest economies across 27 metrics to evaluate how efficiently these economies use energy. These metrics are divided roughly in half between evaluation of quantifiable results and policies. The “policy metrics” are evaluated based on the presence of a best practice policy while “performance metrics” measure energy use and provide quantifiable results. In this first edition of the Scorecard, the U.S. ranks ninth out of 12 major industrial powers in overall energy efficiency. The report is available at:

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009: Smart Grid Investment Grant Program Progress Report
This Department of Energy report summarizes the progress made in the Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) program through March 31, 2012, including initial program accomplishments and next steps. Most of the accomplishments focus on the funds expended and assets installed, supported by summaries of the initial lessons learned that have been reported. The report:

Benchmarking Air Emissions 2012
This benchmarking series began in 1997 and uses publicly reported data to compare the emissions performance of the 100 largest power producers in the United States. The current report is based on 2010 generation and emissions data and includes analysis of 2011 emissions data. A few key findings: renewable energy (excluding large hydroelectric projects) accounted for nearly 5% of U.S. electricity generation in 2011; and natural gas prices have fallen significantly from their peak in 2008, leading to increased natural gas use within the electric sector. The full report:

Best Practices in Energy Efficiency Program Screening: How to Ensure that the Value of Energy Efficiency is Properly Accounted For
Widely-used tests to evaluate energy-efficiency programs are not being conducted correctly and, as a result, valuable energy-efficiency programs that would lower utility bills and provide many other benefits are being rejected, according to research commissioned by the National Home Performance Council (NHPC). To ensure that each test is being applied to achieve its underlying objectives, is internally consistent, accounts for the full value of energy efficiency resources, and uses appropriate planning methodologies and assumptions, NHPC recommends best practices. The report:

Big Data, Bigger Opportunities: Plans and Preparedness for the Data Deluge
North American utilities may be collecting unprecedented amounts of data from their millions of new smart meters (18,000% more data, to be exact), but that doesn’t mean they’re actually doing anything with it. This Oracle survey of 151 North American utility executives revealed an interesting disconnect between data collection and putting that data to use. The report is available at:

EIA Monthly Energy Review (July 2012)
A publication of recent energy statistics from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.  This publication includes total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international petroleum; carbon dioxide emissions; and data unit conversions values.   The report is available at:

Energy Efficiency and Climate Policy: the Rebound Dilemma
Regulations mandating greater efficiency often fall short due to 'rebounds' - the idea that the more efficient an appliance or vehicle is, the more likely a consumer is to use more of it, negating any efficiency gains. The study, conducted by Institute for Energy Research senior fellow and Cal State economics professor Robert Michaels, points to the shortcomings of administration goals of energy efficiency under the premise that the actual energy savings will normally fall short of any projections. The full report:

Pulling the Trigger: Increasing Home Energy Savings
This white paper from CalCEF lays out a set of trigger points - times when finance and efficiency incentives come together for homeowner and financial parties alike -  and identifies new strategies for uniting public policies and private financing tools to unlock massive home energy savings nationwide. Using California to demonstrate real-world market opportunities, CalCEF’s recommendations align the state’s energy, housing, and economic recovery agendas to transform the residential energy efficiency (EE) marketplace. The report:

Smart Buildings and the Smart Grid
Strategy for an Integrated Future
This report, from IDC Energy Insights, highlights the significant market opportunity for building owners, utilities, and vendors as they develop Smart Buildings that effectively communicate and interact with the Smart Grid. The report also outlines the “next practices” necessary to make the vision of interoperability a reality. The report is available at

The Limits of Financing for Energy Efficiency
Financing is an appealing concept when efficiency program budgets are a small fraction of the overall level of efficiency investment needed to achieve our public policy goals – but that does not mean financing is always the solution, and it is certainly not the only solution. This report, from Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory, argues that while financing can, in some cases, increase the leverage of public dollars, it is often not able to drive demand to the same degree as direct incentives like rebates and therefore can’t be expected to replace other incentives in the current marketplace. The report:

The Value of Green Labels in the California Housing Market
The first study to provide statistical evidence that, holding other factors constant, a green label on a single-family home in California provides a market premium compared to a comparable home without the label. Researchers conducted an economic analysis of 1.6 million homes sold in California between 2007 and 2012. The report:

U.S. Renewable Energy Technical Potentials
A GIS-Based AnalysisEvery state in the nation has the space and resources to generate clean energy, according to this report from  the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The report assesses each state’s technical potential for solar, wind, biopower, geothermal, and hydropower energy and establishes an upper-boundary estimate of development potential. The report:

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