Resources Archive - 2013 Q2

Key Research & Publications

Click on a link below to view key research and publications released in that period:

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 Key Research & Publications  

The energy and environment industry and electricity markets are both complex and dynamic.  Reports on emerging trends and policies in these arenas are being released with increasing frequency. As technology improves and energy consumers obtain their information from a wider variety of sources, keeping up with important research and reports increases in importance.   The AnnDyl Policy Group monitors research on issues impacting the clean energy industries. This review helps inform our work and allows us to determine the most important and insightful energy analysis being published. Below is a list of recently-released key research and publications pertaining to the clean energy industry, each with a brief summary of major findings and a link to the full report.

 JUNE 2013

2012 EEI: Executive Summary of Global Results
Respondents in the 2012 global EEI survey in general showed increasing interest in managing energy, investing in energy efficiency and renewable energy, and pursuing green buildings. The survey focused on six regions and was distributed in four languages, drawing from 3,479 respondents. The report:

2013 Energy Efficiency Indicator Survey
Seventh annual survey of global building decisions-makers shows a correlation between energy goal-setting and key energy efficiency behaviors and investments. In 2013, over 3000 global executives with decision-making authority over their company or organization’s energy investments and activities completed the survey, which was conducted anonymously through a third party provider. The report:

Building Performance Database
Currently, commercial and residential buildings account for approximately 70% of the electricity consumption in the nation. The Building Performance Database strengthens the Energy Department’s commitment to provide U.S. industry, state and local governments, and researchers with innovative energy data tools that can help cut energy waste and save money. The platform enables users to perform statistical analysis on an anonymous dataset of tens of thousands of commercial and residential buildings from across the country. The database:

Building Ratings: Elevating the Discussion But Not Ending the Debate
Building energy performance ratings are being used worldwide tap into the power of information and transparency to encourage investments in energy efficiency. Ratings are particularly important today because government policies are emerging in cities and countries around the world that require them to be both used and disclosed. Building energy performance ratings are particularly important today because government policies are emerging in cities and countries around the world that require ratings and their disclosure. The report:

Economist Intelligence Unit, GBPN Identify Strategies for Scaling Up Efficiency
In the United States, buildings account for 41 percent of primary energy consumption, more than the transport or industrial sectors. Tackling rising energy consumption in U.S. buildings will require a more coordinated and coherent approach to energy efficiency codes and regulation, one that is more focused on retrofits—where most potential gains lie. It’s also crucial to develop new financing mechanisms that help institutional investors assess the risks associated with energy-efficient projects. The report:

Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions
The U.S. Congress charged the National Academics with conducting a review of the Internal Revenue Code to identify the types of and specific tax provisions that have the largest effects on carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions and to estimate the magnitude of those effects. To address such a broad change, the National Academies appointed a committee composed of experts in tax policy, energy and environmental modeling, economics, environmental law, climate science, and related areas. The report can be found:

EIA Monthly Energy Review: June 2013
This MER focused on March 2013 preliminary estimates, indicating that U.S. primary energy consumption totaled 8.4 quadrillion Btu, an 8 percent increase from March 2012. Petroleum made up 35 percent of primary energy consumption, natural gas 31 percent, coal 18 percent, renewable energy 9 percent, and nuclear electric power 8 percent. Compared with March 2012, U.S. coal consumption increased 20 percent, natural gas consumption increased 18 percent, and petroleum consumption increased 1 percent. Compared with March 2012, total U.S. renewable energy consumption decreased 3 percent. Wind energy consumption increased 13 percent, biomass energy consumption increased 2 percent, and conventional hydroelectric power consumption decreased 20 percent. The report:

Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Limits for Exiting Power Plants: Learning from EPA Precedent
In April 2012, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a new source performance standard (NSPS), limiting carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from new fossil fuel-fired electric generating units (EGUs). Under section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA), the EPA and state governments will also have responsibility for regulating CO2 emissions from existing EGUs. Faced with the task of implementing greenhouse gas regulation systems, regulators have been presented with a wide array of challenges which will be increasingly complicated by broad statutory language and a host of legal uncertainties. In order to formulate and adopt an effective regulatory scheme for greenhouse gases it will be necessary to draw upon EPA precedent to maintain regulatory consistency. The report:

Global Sustainability Perspective
The age of ‘smart’ is at our buildings’ doorsteps. Advanced technological devises, more powerful software and reinvented work processes are creating a new generation of intelligent buildings. These buildings are harnessing real-time connectivity through the cloud and providing better comfort for their users and lower costs for their tenants and owners. Such high-tech high-spec properties are forming part of an emerging smart infrastructure, which is redefining high performance in the built environment. The report:

Intelligent Efficiency: Innovations Reshaping the Energy Efficiency Market
Commercial facilities in the U.S. account for more than 70 percent of the nation’s energy consumption annually. Energy-efficiency resources in the buildings industry are vast and getting greater. There is an enormous opportunity for businesses looking to tap into energy-efficiency reserves. However, most are not yet sophisticated enough to reap the full potential of the efficiency resource. The report:

Leaders of the Pack: ACEEE’s Third National Review of Exemplary Energy Efficiency Programs
In the last few years, customer-funded energy efficiency programs administered by utilities and statewide public benefits organizations have been developing innovative program designs, services, and delivery methods and expanding into new markets across the country. To recognize and profile the best program practices, and share what works for outstanding electric and natural gas programs, ACEEE conducted its third national review of leading programs. The report:

NREL Provides Open-Source System for Large-Scale Energy Data Collection
The Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is launching an open-source system for storing, integrating, and aligning energy-related time-series data. The Energy DataBus is used for tracking and analyzing energy use on NREL’s own campus, but is applicable to other facilities, including anything from a single building to a large military base or college campus. The report:

Predicting HVAC Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings Using Multiagent Systems
Energy consumption in commercial buildings has been increasing rapidly in the past decade. The knowledge of future energy consumption can bring significant value to commercial building energy management. For example, prediction of energy consumption decomposition helps analyze the energy consumption patterns and efficiencies as well as waste, and identify the prime targets for energy conservation. Moreover, prediction of temporal energy consumption enables building managers to plan out the energy usage over time, shift energy usage to off peak-periods, and make more effective energy purchase plans. The report:

Realizing the Energy Efficiency Potential of Small Buildings
The small commercial buildings market in the U.S. is vast and maximizing energy productivity in these buildings could reduce total energy consumption in the overall commercial sector by as much as 17 percent using current, cost effective technology. This study estimates that profitable investments in energy conservation can generate $30 billion in annual energy cost savings, improving the financial performance of millions of small businesses throughout the United States. The report:

U.S. Smart Meter Trends

The U.S. smart meter market still remains relatively hot and represents a strong market opportunity for smart meter and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) vendors. Although the pace of installations will taper off due to the completion of Smart Grid Investment Grant projects, about 60% of all U.S. electric meters will not have a smart meter by the end of 2013. Thus, utilities will further continue to deploy smart meters as part of a larger grid modernization projects. The report can be found:

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 MAY 2013

Advanced Energy Legislation Tracker – Currently, state legislatures are considering more than 2,100 bills that could change the way Americans produce, buy and use energy, according to AEE, The AEL Tracker identifies all those measures and monitors the progress of energy bills as they move forward. The AEL Tracker also can help identify trends in energy legislation. The database can be found:

Effects of a Carbon Tax on the Economy and the Environment
Lawmakers could increase federal revenues and encourage reductions in emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) by establishing a carbon tax, which would either tax those emissions directly or tax fuels that release CO2 when they are burned (fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas). Emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases accumulate in the atmosphere and contribute to climate change—a long-term and potentially very costly global problem. The report:

Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues
Congressional Research Service report on key energy policy items facing the 113th congress. Includes an overview of potential legislative items, appropriations, and political considerations. The Report:

How Renewable Electricity Standards Deliver Economic Benefits
The development of renewable energy resources to meet electricity demand is providing substantial economic benefits to states and communities across the United States. A key driver of this development is the state renewable electricity standard (RES), which requires electric utilities to gradually increase the amount of renewable energy in their power supplies. Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia have each adopted an RES—for sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, and biopower—to help create reliable markets for renewable energy and reduce dependence on polluting fossil fuels. The report:

Local Chambers as Change Agents: Creating Economic Vitality Through Clean Energy and Innovation
Local chambers of commerce are taking first steps to promote clean energy and energy efficiency projects, according to a report out today from the Chambers of Innovation and Clean Energy, a network of local chambers focused on clean energy. Many local chambers have been in their communities for more than a century, advocating for and serving their member companies, large and small. As long-time experts on business growth, local chambers today are embracing new economic vitality tools: clean energy and innovation. The report:

United States SGIG Utility Spending Detail By Technology

As of May 14, 2013, about 64% ($5.1 billion) of the $8.0 billion in U.S. Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) funds have been spent across 99 projects. Of the amount spent to date, 63% has been spent on Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), 24% on Distribution Automation (DA), 6% on Transmission Systems, and 7% on Customer Systems. Further, 12.3 million smart meters have been installed, 6,835 automated feeder switches, 729 phasor measurement units (PMUs), and 237,340 direct load control devices. This report details how U.S. utilities have used their SGIG funds. The report:

 APRIL 2013

Accelerating Advanced Energy in America: Perspectives of Advanced Energy Business Leaders on U.S. Energy Policy
The growth of advanced energy in the United States can be accelerated by applying five modest and sensible standards to federal energy policy. That is the conclusion drawn from interviews with 40 CEOs and senior executives of leading advanced energy firms from around the country and across all segments of the industry. The report can be found:

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 with Projections for 2040
The projections in the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO 2013) focuses on the factors that shape the U.S. energy system over the long term. Under the assumption that current laws and regulations remain unchanged throughout the projection, the AEO 2013 Reference case provides a basis for examination and discussion of energy production, consumption, technology, and market trends and the direction that they make take in the future. The report:

EIA Monthly Energy Review: April 2013
This MER focused on January 2013 preliminary estimates, indicating that U.S. renewable energy consumption totaled 786 trillion Btu, which represented 9 percent of U.S. total primary energy consumption. Biomass accounted for 46 percent of U.S. renewable energy consumption, hydroelectric power 31 percent, wind energy 18 percent, geothermal energy 2 percent, and solar energy 2 percent. U.S. renewable energy consumption accounted for 13 percent of electric power sector primary energy consumption, 10 percent of industrial sector primary energy consumption, 5 percent of residential sector primary energy consumption, 4 percent of transportation sector primary energy consumption, and 2 percent of commercial sector primary energy consumption. The report:

New EIA State Energy Portal
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has launched the most comprehensive, dynamic, and interactive view of the U.S. government’s national and state energy data and information currently available to the public. The Agency designed the new portal with a range of users in mind, including policy makers, energy analysts, and the general public, who want to locate and compare state energy data and rankings and customize their own maps and charts, using an assortment of interactive tools. The portal takes EIA’s vast portfolio of state energy data and analyses and organizes it geographically. The database can be found:

Lower residential energy use reduces home energy expenditures as share of household income
In 2012, consumers spent 2.7% of their household income on home energy bills, the lowest percentage in 10 years. Aggregate home energy expenditures by U.S. households fell $12 billion in 2012 from the 2011 level. In 2012, prices for residential natural gas decreased 3% from the previous year, while household electricity prices stayed about the same. Warmer weather contributed to lower energy consumption in 2012, and because household energy expenditures reflect both prices and consumption, these changes resulted in lower household energy expenditures. The report:

Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid: Final Report
This 3-year DOE study focuses on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid. Methods are described for valuation and planning of pumped storage and conventional hydropower. The project team conducted plant case studies, electric system modeling, market analysis, cost data gathering, and evaluations of operating strategies and constraints. This study confirmed that hydropower resources across the United States contribute significantly to operation of the grid in terms of energy, capacity, and ancillary services. The report:

Regional Energy Efficiency Database (REED)
REED provides a one-stop resource to readily access energy efficiency program data, including energy and peak-demand savings, costs, avoided emissions, and job impacts. The REED database allows users to generate reports and download underlying data showing the impacts of ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. REED will help inform a broad range of policy issues, including energy, economic, and air quality planning, and help demonstrate the long-term, money-saving benefits of energy efficiency investments. The database can be found:

Running Clean: Good Policy, Good Politics
It was a banner year for clean energy in 2012. From the top of the ticket to the bottom, federal champions of clean policies defeated their dirty energy opponents. “Running clean” by campaigning on clean energy, clean air, and environmental protection is not just a good policy choice but also a winning political strategy. This report examines some of the lessons learned from the 2012 election, explaining why running clean is an effective campaign tool and how to effectively run a campaign that uses a pro-environment message. The report:

Smart Grid: 10 Trends to Watch in 2013 and Beyond
Navigant Research forecasts that smart grid technology revenue will reach a cumulative total of $494 billion during the period from 2012 to 2020, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10%. Navigant Research has identified 10 key trends that will shape smart grid investment in 2013 and beyond. This Navigate Research white paper provides insights into key issues that will shape the smart grid market in the months and years ahead, with summary forecasts of smart grid, smart metering, and automated demand response markets. The report can be found:

Who’s Winning the Clean Energy Race? 2012 Edition
In less than a decade, clean energy transitioned from novelty products to a mainstream of world energy markets. The clean energy sector moved inexorably forward, with overall investment in 2012 five times greater than it was in 2004. Although 2012 investment levels worldwide declined 11 percent, to $269 billion, the clean energy sector weathered the withdrawal of priority incentives and initiatives offered by governments in numerous key markets, demonstrating its resilience. The report:

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